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TDA Lexicon[WIP - check back for updates]

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#1 Violet


    Grumpy Old Violet

  • Veteran Artist
  • 12,478 posts
  • Software:Photoshop
  • Location:Ontario, Canada
  • Member Since: 01 Jan 2006

Posted 16 July 2010 - 06:00 PM

Forgive the extra "u" in "ou" spellings.

Graphic Types
Avatar - a graphic that is 100x100 pixels.
Banner - a graphic that is 700x110. Typically made for use on HPFF.
Blend - a large graphic, typically 500x700 pixels or larger.
Chapter Image - a graphic considered as a mini-blend typically 380x300 made for use in HPFF and is displayed at the start of every chapter.
Colourization - a color version of a previously black and white image, created by the artist.
Header - a graphic that is typically 500x250 pixels.
Icon - see "Avatar".
Manipulation (Manip) - short for "photo-manipulation It's a picture that's been enhanced using a photography program, such as Adobe Photoshop or Paint Shop Pro-8. a person cut out of (or added into)a picture
Personal Photo – photos sized 150x150 that are allowed only for staff mods and admin that are displayed on their profile page (to the left)
Set - referring to an icon and a signature, typically made to be matching.
Signature (Sig) - a graphic that is usually 385x150 pixels or larger. TDA's size limit for signatures is 500x200, though that varies from forum to forum.
Vector - A digital art style that uses vector software, such as Adobe Illustrator, and Flash. Vector drawings, unlike pixel drawings, are done using the pen tool, which creates "paths” that are seen as points (like on an x and y axis) by your computer.
Wallpaper - a graphic made for the purpose of decorating one's desktop. Ranges in size from 800x600 - 2560x1600 (or even larger).

Graphic Terminology
Adjustment Layer - layers that adjust the coloring in a graphic. Examples include Selective Coloring, Hue/Saturation Adjustment, and Curves.
Animation - An animated graphic is one that appears to "move" like movies. For tips on how to animate graphics, visit the Tutorial section. Also note that all animated graphics are saved in .gif format.
Anti-aliasing- this smooths out text and shapes in graphics.
Background - see "Base".
Base - the final images to be used in a banner (usually blended together), besides the coloring layers.
Blending - refers to the way two or more images are put together on a canvas. +Here is a helpful topic on the different types of blending.
Brush - a tool in any graphic programs that is used for adding color just like a real live brushstroke or for erasing parts of a picture when using layer masks.
Composition - how the pictures, text and other implements of a graphic are arranged to make them aesthetically pleasing or intriguing.
Credit - acknowledgment of who created the graphic/resources used in the graphic/story or even a person (sets/signatures). Failure to credit properly will result in consequences.
Cropping A tool that allows you to select an area of an image and discard everything outside this area.
Cut - see "Hardcut"
Drop Shadow
Filter - any of the settings found in the common graphic programs that add effects to the graphic that usually result in making them look like paintings, drawings or more abstract forms of artwork.
Focal Point - the "focus" of the graphic; where the eye is immediately drawn to. Any successful graphic has a well-defined focal point.
Font - Refers to typeface. For example, Times New Roman, Arial, and Edwardian Script are all examples of fonts.
Foreground - a part of a graphic or picture that is seen the most clearly. Similar but not exactly like "focal point"
Gradient Map - an adjustment layer found in the most common of graphic programs that takes 2 (or more colors) and colors the highlights and lowlights of a picture or graphic with one of these corresponding colors. For an example of a gradient map tutorial clickhere+
GIF Another file format used and specifically saved for animation purposes.
Halo – When one blends or hardcuts people sometimes there’s a part of the background of the picture that still remains (most particularly around the head). This is called the “halo.”
Hard Cut - refers to completely removing the area around an object/person. For an example of a hard cut, click +here.
Histogram- refers to a graphic that showcases the tonal range of an image. Meaning it allows you to view the brightness of an image.
Host (Image Hosting) - refers to putting images up online so that other people can see them. For a guide on how and where to host images, click +here.
Hot-linking As mentioned, artists upload images online so people can see them. When you request an image from an artist and you take the link they have, that is hotlinking. One must rehost so as to avoid hotlinking.
Image Pack - a collection of images/textures. Image packs often contain high quality and/or popular images that are very useful when making graphics. TDA has a variety of image packs that are available to its members; they are found +here.
Inverted - a style of coloring in which the colors of the image are converted to their opposites; for instance, black to white, red to green, etc.
Layer Masks – a tool in most graphic programs that hides any part of a picture or graphic by using brushes but not erasing any part of the graphic at all. For a tut on this click here+
Negative Space
Noise- refers to unwanted specks of color on any part of an image that should be smooth. This is very similar to a 'snowy' television signal.
Pattern - an image that repeats over and over, seamlessly.
Pixellation - refers to a decrease in the image quality of the graphic. For an example, compare +this image, which has no pixellation, to +this image, which has a substantial amount of pixellation. The best way to avoid this pixellation is to save all images as .PNG files instead of .JPG files.
Plug- there are plug-ins made for various graphics programs. You add them to your graphic program to help with functionality. Ex: You can add a curves plug-in for graphics programs that do not have curves.
PSD(Photoshop Document) It is a file formart for saving all your recent history, layers, etc.
Scan- This is an image uploaded from a scanner to a person's computer. This can include a page in a magazine or a drawing.
Screencapture (Screencap) a function in all computers that takes a picture of what is currently displayed on ones screen. For instructions on how to do this click here+
Selective Colouring - a type of adjustment layer very popular here at TDA, often used to dramatically increase the brightness and variety of colors in an image or graphic.
Stock (Images) - pictures (images) that are used to compose the base of a graphic.
Texture - a (usually rather large) image that can be used to add extra dimensions or coloring to a graphic.

Forum Terminology
Administrator (Admin) - the supreme leader of the site. Admins deal with the major issues, such as problem members, reorganization of the site, etc. They should only be PM'ed to request name changes (if you meet the appropriate criteria ), or to report seriously bad behavior (such as "ripping", or claiming credit for another artist's work). PM (defined below) a moderator (also defined below) in other cases, if you have a question or would like to report rule-breaking.
Ban - a punishment issued to members in response to seriously bad behavior. Once a member is banned, they are not allowed to access the site for the length of the ban. Bans may be temporary or permanent, depending on the offense.
Bump - something that is done ONLY in the Request forum. To bump is to post in your own request thread (and no other) only if a reply has not been gotten for exactly 72 hours (or more) and one wishes to make the thread active again and attract the attention of artists to it.
Code - wrapping any text in code tags

[b]hey there![/b]

preserves the other tags in the text covered. I.e. Img codes in most challenges click here+
Double-Posting - Something that is as bad as "spamming". It is posting in a thread where already the last post of the topic was made by you. Double-posting can only be done in the Request Area (if you are a requester "bumping your thread" OR if you are an artist putting up a made graphic so as to attract the attention of mods.)
Emoticon - smileys like smile.gif or happy2.gif or sad2.gif that convey emotions or expressions in posts. To make sure that your posts don't get taken the wrong way, such as when being sarcastic, be sure to use the appropriate smileys. wink.gif
Forum- This is TDA's website also known as a forum. Forum also refers to each category TDA has (Ex: Welcome!, Notices From The Admin, Question & Answer Center, ect...)
Graveyard - inactive threads are automatically sent here, where they remain as an archive of TDA's posts.
Moderator (Mod) - these are members, chosen for their record of good behavior and responsibility, that handle the site's day-to-day business. They make sure that members follow the rules and that the site is running smoothly. Staff Moderators are global moderators, meaning they keep track of the whole site. There are also section mods who focus primarily on the area of the forum to which they are assigned.
Off-Topic (OT) - the section of TDA dedicated to discussions that do not relate to graphics.
Personal Message (PM) - a message sent to a single member that cannot be seen by anyone else. To send a PM, click on the member's name, by the side of their post(s). A drop-down menu should appear. From their, click the choice that says "Send Message" to send a PM to them.
Post - any reply to a specific thread in the forum. A post is something that is relevant. i.e. putting appropriate critique to a thread in the critique forum is a proper post.
Quick Reply - most threads have this function and can also be called “fast reply”. It enables one to post into a thread without having to load a whole new "reply page". Beware though as this has very few formatting options.
Quote- Inside of a thread (under a person's post) there is an option to quote them. This puts quotation marks around the person's whole post. On TDA we do not quote graphics to save bandwidth. You can also quote by putting this code into your post:



 Your text goes here

Reply- In each post there's a button next to quote that says reply. This allows you to directly reply to that person's post.
Skin- a skin changes the look of a forum or a website. It includes the background, layout, buttons, and anything else to do with the website's appearance. TDA currently has 8 skins to choose from. They can be found towards the bottom right hand corner of every page. Just click the drop down menu and pick which skin you like.
Spambot- this is usually an automated computer program that sends out spam. In TDA's case spambots send out mass pm's or they mass post spam. The spam includes: links to other websites, porn, advertisements, ect... If you see a pm or post like this report it to one of the many TDA moderators or administrators. Do not click on any links in the pm/post.
Spamming (Spam) - irrelevant posts in topics that require relevant posts. i.e. saying that you love writing stories in a thread that asks for critique in the critique forum.
Sub-forum- This refers to a forum inside a forum. (Ex: Inside of Notices From The Admin you will see four sub-forums: Awards Archive, Promotions, Old Notices, Member's Choice Voting)
Thread - a collection of posts.
Topic - See "Thread".
Warn - a punishment given to those members who break a rule consistently, despite multiple warnings. Members who have been warned will be watched carefully and will be put on the promotions blacklist.

Other Terms
Canon - an event/idea supported by the author/creator of a creative work. For instance, in Harry Potter, Hermione/Ron is canon, whereas Hermione/Draco is not. Likewise, in Star Wars, Han/Leia is canon, whereas Jabba the Hutt/Mon Mothma is not.
Fandom - the supporters of a certain idea/relationship.
Muse - refers to inspiration for a creative work, such as a graphic or a story.
Prompt - a short passage intended to inspire a creative work.
Ship - a relationship. Examples in Harry Potter include Hermione/Ron, Harry/Ginny, Neville/Luna, Hermione/Draco, James/Lily, etc.
Squee - the phrase you should squeal out loudly when confronted with a jaw-droppingly amazing graphic. If you'd like to share that jaw-droppingly amazing graphic with the rest of TDA, post it +here. Don't forget to credit the creator as well!
Clue - a fun game played during Halloween when people try to guess a crime or a series of crimes. Don't squeal too loudly now. ;)

Other Acronyms
HPFF - Harry Potter Fanfiction (harrypotterfanfiction.com), TDA's parent site
LGMS - the bi-annual Last Graphic Maker Standing challenge (here+)
OOL - Out of Luck forum for incorrectly-made or abandoned requests
PW - Potters World RPG, TDA's sister site
RPG - online role playing game
UFG - Up For Grabs (where ready made graphics are offered for use to whoever wants them. click here+
YBW - the monthly Your Best Work challenge where artists are invited to post what they think of as their best work for the month and the TDA community decides who had the best of all the best works for the month.

Posted Image
tumblr (M) ~*~ fanfiction ~*~ gallery
not available for requests

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